PDF or EPUB Scientific Development and Misconceptions Through the Ages: A Reference Guide
Read & download Ô PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ù Robert E. KrebsThough this book has a great premise telling the story of science by highlighting the dead ends as well as the ideas that turned out to be correct the execution is deeply flawed The most important problem is that it is The Confederate Privateers riddled with factual errors Some boners include that India and China derived their science and technology from Ancient Greece 4 that Persians are Arabs 4 that the Royal Society of London was founded in 1662 and founded by Robert Boyle alone 131 that Newton delayed publication of his calculus because of Leibniz 132 Newton s birthplace is misspelled 131 and his third law of motion is garbled 132 As the author notes citing Alfred Montapert Every man has aight to his opinion
BUT NO MAN HAS A RIGHT TO BE WRONGno man has a Big Bad Detective Agency right to be wrong his facts 10 Oddly enough he fails to include the uoted Montapert book in the bibliography AND fails to note that Montapert attributes the uote to Bernard Mannes Baruch One must fault not only the author but Greenwood Publishing as well for allowing aeference guide to go to press with such poor fact checking A second problem is the uality of the scholarship The author though well The Placer read clearly does not have the training or judgment of a historian that a book like this wouldeuire As he himself states There are some persons informed than others who are better trained to explore among other disciplines history 10 In addition to elementary gaffes of the sort described above lack of training as a historian manifests itself in an embarrassing Otto Freundlich: Cosmic Communism reliance on secondary sources of informationather than primary sources even when uoting famous scientists eg Newton on standing on the shoulders of giants 4 Some sections for example his descriptions of life in indigenous societies eg 52 and of Arab transmission of science in the Middle Ages eg 4 appear to be the product of imagination The Tattooist of Auschwitz (The Tattooist of Auschwitz, reasoned guesses and folk historyather than serious Profiles in Leadership: Historians on the Elusive Quality of Greatness reading Worse is that there is no way to tell since most of the information in the book is presented without any source attribution at all A student looking foreliable information about an episode in the history. The evolution of science through the ages has often been marred by people's misconceptions From pre historic times when myths played a major ole in people's lives to present day debates concerning the environment people have sought ways to explain the world around them and have often come up with incorrect answers Science has grown through the correction of these misconceptions This uniue eference source can be used by students teachers and other interested esearchers to explore this growth as it pertains to ,
Of science would frankly be better off using Wikipedia where facts and
facts are at attributed to sources that can be verified and citedA third problem is evident ideological bias In discussing what science is and isn t the author offers a uote from Robert Bork to the effect that politics inevitably tries to dominate other disciplines 14 Euating politics with government 14 15 the author lets his personal views on the evil and incompetence of government become a subtext of the book So in discussing alternative therapies like homeopathy and naturopathy he takes the fact that esearch is being done in these areas not as an indication that there are scientific doubts and uestions to be esolved but as an opportunity to tweak NIH and government generally for funding esearch into uestions he considers unworthy 58 59 That much can be chalked up to bias and as he acknowledges no one can score a 10 out of 10 for being bias free 11 And for what it s worth in medicine the author is well within his field of expertise and is entitled to offer an educated opinion More serious is his apparent drop off the deep end into ideological warfare when he comes to the final chapter on conservation ecology and environmentalism We learn in the first few pages that Europeans settled the Americas beforePurported Facts Are At
Native Americans crossed the Bering Strait a marginal and highly contentious hypothesis presented here as most likely and thatAmericans crossed the Bering Strait a marginal and highly contentious hypothesis presented here as most likely and that Americans not only killed off most megafauna of the continent soon after they arrived probably true but that they knew absolutely nothing about conservation and living in balance with their environment until Europeans taught them simply false 214 The author makes use of some Der Bilderwächter right wingevisionist history eg on Rachel Carson and DDT 222 3 and several venerable whoppers of ight wing propaganda eg that
volcanic eruptions put out CO2 than human activity does 247 Oreskes and Conway s Merchants of Doubt setseruptions put out CO2 than human activity does 247 Oreskes and Conway s Merchants of Doubt sets ecord straight on several of these politically charged myths Interspersed with the disinformation in this chapter is plenty of factua. Oth the field of science and the process of scientific experimentation Readers will discover how misunderstandings led to further experimentation and eventually to scientific factsThese false paths to scientific knowledge are not treated as deliberate misconduct but ather as a lack of knowledge and a misunderstanding of the science and technology involved both of which were sooner or later corrected by men and women of science Krebs explores the conception and development of scientific thought in five different.
Robert E. Krebs